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A Quick Overview On Prostate Cancer

In a source last revised on January 8th of 2019, The American Cancer Society estimates “about 174,650 new cases of prostate cancer” will occur in the United States in 2019. Additionally, they estimate 31,620 deaths will occur due to it in the same year. Named “one of the most common cancer in American men,” nearly “1 in 9 will be diagnosed with this type of cancer”. Today, we will discuss some general information about prostate cancer.

What Is It?

The prostate is located below the bladder and in front of the rectum. Prostate sizes change with age. Walnut-sized prostates are found commonly in younger men, while older men have much larger prostates. The prostate serves as the male reproductive organ whose main function is to secrete prostate fluid, a component of semen. To help maintain the semen's liquid state, a protein called prostate-specific antigen (PSA) is excreted by the prostate. When excessive amounts of the protein are found in the blood, this is one of the first indications of this type of cancer. Healthybodyhealtymind.com offers the best info on men's health and wellness.

This type of cancer occurs when cells in the prostate gland begin to grow uncontrollably and may spread to other areas of the body. Generally, almost all of this type of cancer develops from the gland cells (adenocarcinomas). There are also four other types. They are sarcomas, small cell carcinomas, transitional cell carcinomas, and neuroendocrine tumors. These are generally considered the rare types of this type of cancer. To date, there is no single cause found for this type of cancer. However, sources have compiled a list of “risk factors”.

Risk Factors

There are different factors for different cancers, some can be changed whiles others cannot. For example, smoking is a risk factor that can be changed. On the other hand, factors like family history and a person's age cannot be changed. Regardless of factors, it does not mean you will or will not get cancer. These factors are found to have a higher risk of getting cancer.

Prostate cancer has been associated with 5 risk factor categories that may impact a male's susceptibility in getting it. Age is one of the risk factors. Possibility of getting this type of cancer is high among men over 50 years old. The chance increases for men older than 65. Young men below the age of 40 can be diagnosed with this type of cancer, but it is generally rare.

Ethnicity is another risk factor. Although it is unclear on the differences and reasons why ethnicity is found to impact the chances of getting it, a source indicates this type of cancer is high among African-American men. “Caribbean men of African ancestry” are also found to have higher chances in getting this cancer than “in men of other races.” Further, “Asian-American and Hispanic/Latino men” are less likely to have this type of cancer than in “non-Hispanic whites”.

Geography is the next risk factor. Similar to ethnicity, it is unclear in reason. Studies show that this type of cancer is common in Australia, the Caribbean islands, North America, and northwestern Europe.

Family history is another risk factor. Some families have a history of this type of cancer. Studies found that this cancer may be a genetic factor or have been inherited. However, men with no family history of this type of cancer are also being diagnosed. Men with a family history of it tend to have a greater risk.

Genes are the fifth risk factor named. In line with family history, there may be inherited gene changes that may increase the risk of developing this type of cancer. A source gives two examples. One example indicates an “inherited” gene “mutation” of the BRCA1 or BRCA2 genes. Another example is men with “Lynch syndrome”. These two examples mentioned, raises the risk factor in getting it. There are other risk factors taken into account, however, it is said that these have a “less clear effect” on risk. Diet, obesity, smoking, and chemical exposures are just to name a few risks in getting this type of cancer.

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An additional source for the article can be found here.

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